Explore Assam- The “Shangri-La” of India

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Posts Tagged ‘Ahom’

Assam – History

Posted by assamexplore on March 14, 2009

Assam the land of rising sun has a history of a concourse people from Indo-Aryan, Austro Asiatic and concourse of people from the east, west and north. Assam has been politically invaded but it never served as a liege till the coming of the Burmise in 1821 and afterwards the British in 1826.

Mainly the Ahom Kingdom well-kept the chronicles of Assam, call BURONJI written in Assamese language. According to the BURONJI, Assam was known as “Kamrupa” or “Pragjyotishpur” and populated by human since about 2000 BC. During the Mongoloid Migration period people mainly from China and Burma settled in Assam. Because of that Assam presents a intermingle of Mongol-Aryan culture.

The early history of Assam is believed to be of the Varman Dynasty. Huien Tsang traveled and said he visited Assam in the 7th Century during the rule of Kumar Bhaskar Barman.

The Ahoms ventured into Assam in about 1228 AD and ruled till 18th century. Due to internal difference in the later part of 18th century The Burmise invaded Assam, and thus invoking the British intervention to subdue the Burmese. After the Treaty of Yandaboo in 1826, The British then set out to direct the administration, transport, education and communication. The British constructed the railways, bring in the tea plantation, came across the coal and oil fields. The bigger Assam, known a BOR AXOM among the assamese people witnessed various separation of territories. Arunachal Pradesh in 1948, Nagaland in 1963, Meghalaya in 1972 and Mizoram in 1987 was separated from Assam.


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