Explore Assam- The “Shangri-La” of India

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Posts Tagged ‘Assam’

Interesting Facts of Assam

Posted by assamexplore on April 8, 2009

The Chronicle of Assam started way back in the past when Alexander invaded Punjab, the Greeks had came across to the Indian tradition of using inner barks of trees and well-beaten cotton cloth as writing material. The Greeks were aware of the Sanchipat (Manuscript) tradition of Assam. The sanchipats were made from the inner barks of sanchi (aloe) tree. It was believed that the sanchipats were made in a complex and time consuming way at that time, i am talking about 7th Century AD.

Aloe tree can still be found in many parts of Assam. The famous oil AGARU, is the extracted oil from this sanchi trees and exported to West Asia. The famous historian Sir Edward Gait wrote about the skill of preparing manuscripts from the sanchi tree in A History of Assam.

Some of very interesting facts about Assamese Manuscripts came to light when Mr. Samiran Baruah, a painter and curator of Assam State Museum Guwahati did an in-depth study of thirty four manuscripts comprising of more than 3000 paintings.  From the study it was found that the Assamese Manuscripts were a pre-mughal phenomenon. According to Mr. Baruah in the other parts of india the skill of manuscript writing took serious effect only from the 18th century under the Mughal influence. But Assamese calligraphy was famous among the local people way back than the Mughal period.

Following are some great institutions where you can study the Assamese Manuscripts ,

  • The Assam State Museum
  • The Kamrupa Anusadhana Samiti
  • The Department of Historical and Antiquarian Studies Assam

These 3 institution has a very good collection of Assamese Manuscripts and The British Library in London also has some collection of Assamese Manuscripts. Lots of Assamese Manuscripts are still in the private hands and in the staras of Assam. As those were not preserved in a proper way and because of its exposer to the vegeries of the weather the manuscripts are on the brink of getting lost. Unless these are collected, documented and preserve, a treasure of Assamese Culture will be lost with time.


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Assam – History

Posted by assamexplore on March 14, 2009

Assam the land of rising sun has a history of a concourse people from Indo-Aryan, Austro Asiatic and concourse of people from the east, west and north. Assam has been politically invaded but it never served as a liege till the coming of the Burmise in 1821 and afterwards the British in 1826.

Mainly the Ahom Kingdom well-kept the chronicles of Assam, call BURONJI written in Assamese language. According to the BURONJI, Assam was known as “Kamrupa” or “Pragjyotishpur” and populated by human since about 2000 BC. During the Mongoloid Migration period people mainly from China and Burma settled in Assam. Because of that Assam presents a intermingle of Mongol-Aryan culture.

The early history of Assam is believed to be of the Varman Dynasty. Huien Tsang traveled and said he visited Assam in the 7th Century during the rule of Kumar Bhaskar Barman.

The Ahoms ventured into Assam in about 1228 AD and ruled till 18th century. Due to internal difference in the later part of 18th century The Burmise invaded Assam, and thus invoking the British intervention to subdue the Burmese. After the Treaty of Yandaboo in 1826, The British then set out to direct the administration, transport, education and communication. The British constructed the railways, bring in the tea plantation, came across the coal and oil fields. The bigger Assam, known a BOR AXOM among the assamese people witnessed various separation of territories. Arunachal Pradesh in 1948, Nagaland in 1963, Meghalaya in 1972 and Mizoram in 1987 was separated from Assam.

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